Rugs are simple and stylish ways to spruce up your home décor, but not all rugs are created equal. Different types of rug fabrics, styles, colors and textures are all available. A rug’s material is the most important factor, so it’s crucial to understand the different fabrics and their strengths before choosing a rug for your home.

What are the different types of rug fabrics?

Rugs are made with a variety of natural and synthetic fibers. Wool, silk and cotton are the most common natural materials, while nylon and polypropylene are the synthetic fibers dominating the market. Many rugs feature a combination of materials in order to mix traits or reduce costs. For example, wool and nylon blends, as well as silk and cotton blends, are very common.

What are the benefits of each rug fabric?

Durability, texture and care are the biggest differences between the rug fabrics. Depending on your home and desired style, certain materials will be more favorable than others. With this breakdown of the most common rug fabrics, you can decide which material is the best fit.


Wool is one of the most common materials used in rugs because it’s both durable and soft. Because of the sturdy pile and soft texture, wool rugs are a good choice for medium- to high-traffic areas where bare feet are common, like the living room. With a naturally high stain resistance, they’re also a good fit for spaces prone to spills. Shop 100% wool area rugs>


Silk is a very fine fiber known for its extreme softness and light sheen. Rugs crafted from silk are considered luxurious and highly valuable. Because the fibers are so fine, silk rugs can display more detailed designs than other rugs. While silk rugs are stunning pieces to add to a room’s décor, they are not as durable or easy to maintain as other rugs. They are best placed in low-traffic areas, such as the bedroom or study. Shop wool and silk rugs>

Bamboo silk

Bamboo silk is a great alternative to regular silk because it provides rugs with the same look and feel as silk, but at a much lower cost. Bamboo silk is also a more sustainable material, making it a great option for those who buy with the environment in mind. If you have bad allergies, bamboo silk rugs can be a smart choice because they are hypoallergenic and antimicrobial. Shop wool and bamboo silk rugs>


Linen is both lustrous and durable, making it a smart investment for the home. Many linen designs feature a natural style and have a textured appearance to make a room cozier and more interesting. Shop wool and linen rugs>


Hemp is one of the most durable natural-fiber materials, and it has antibacterial properties. If you're searching for a rug to decorate high-traffic areas like the entryway or living room, consider a hemp rug, which can handle frequent foot traffic well. Another benefit of hemp is that it continues to soften overtime, which is important for comfortable spaces. Shop wool and hemp rugs>