Carpet weaving is a centuries-old craft, and techniques have evolved over time. People have experimented with weaves to find more efficient and creative methods, and different cultures have modified the weaves with their own spin on the traditional techniques. This short guide will help you understand the different types of rug weaves and what makes each one unique.
Knotted rugs are made by hand and are considered the highest-quality rugs available. With these rugs, weavers tie individual knots along the vertical yarn, forming anywhere from 25 to over 1,000 knots per sq. in. Asymmetrical, or Senneh, knots and symmetrical, or Ghiorde, knots are the prominent knots used. The asymmetrical knot creates a finer weave and is most popular in Persian rugs, while the symmetrical knot is not as fine and is most common in Turkish rugs. Rugs with high knot counts have very dense piles and usually contain very detailed designs. Because of the dense pile and intricate designs, knotted rugs are incredibly durable and valuable and make up the majority of our production. Visit our Armenian weaves page or our Tibetan weaves page to learn more about the variety of styles and finishes available with our hand knotted rug production. An easy trick to determine if a rug is knotted is to inspect the backside: if the pattern appears the same, this rug is knotted.
Instead of tying the yarn in knots, tufted rugs contain loops of yarn that are pulled through the rug’s backing and then cut. Tufted rugs can have pile of any length, depending on where the yarn is cut. The cut pile has a soft, smooth texture and inviting appeal, and the weave is strong enough to withstand frequent foot traffic. However, the cut yarn causes the rug to shed more, so frequent vacuuming is required to maintain the smooth and clean appearance. Tufted rugs will have a backing applied to the underside of the rug.
Flat Weave Rugs
Flat-weave rugs don’t have pile because the vertical yarn is woven through horizontal yarn. Without a pile, these rugs are the slimmest and most lightweight rugs available, which makes them popular among interior designers. Rugs with flat weaves are also popular because they’re easy to maintain. The lack of pile keeps dirt loose on the surface so a quick vacuum job will have the rug looking new again. A search for Kilim rugs on our site will offer you beautiful examples of some of the highest quality flat weaves available on the market.
Not all rugs are created the same, and it’s important to know the characteristics of each weave before you pick a rug for any area of your home. Consider the textures, designs, durability and care involved with these rug weave types to help you choose the one that best fits your family’s needs.